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Full text of "Shipping Practice"

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THIS Act, which introduced many changes in the laws of
shipping, was the outcome of many conferences between
shipowners and shippers.

It had been felt that for some years carriers, by the
incorporation of so many clauses and exemptions, were
obtaining an unfair advantage over shippers, who had
little choice by lack of organized opposition than to accept
the bill of lading adopted by the carrying company.

As a result of the discussions between all interested
parties, including bankers and insurance officials, an Inter-
national Conference was held in Brussels during the years
1922-23 for the purpose of establishing liabilities, res-
ponsibilities, rights and immunities of carriers under bill of
lading shipments.

Legislative effect was given to the rules formulated at
the Conference by the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act, 1924,
so far as England is concerned, while many other countries
have passed similar statutes. The American Carriage of
Goods Act, passed during 1936, was the last of these statutes.
In the American Act, however, application is made to goods
to or from American ports.

The provisions of the Act are set out in the Appendix at
the end of this volume, and here the various provisions are
dealt with individually.

Sect. i. States that the Act shall have effect in relation
to carriage of goods by sea in ships carrying goods from
any port in Great Britain or Northern Ireland to any other
port whether in or outside Great Britain or Northern
Ireland This sets out the scope of the Act In the case of
transhipment at a foreign port of goods from Great Britain
or Northern Ireland, the rules have no application unless
the foreign vessel is also carrying goods from Great Britain
or Northern Ireland.